What Are Bowling Balls Made Of? [Updated 2019]

Perhaps you are new to the bowling world, or maybe you just want to know what are bowling balls made of, which is a common question.

Over the years, a lot of materials have been used in manufacturing bowling balls.

Today, the bowling industry has evolved, and new materials are being used.

However, in this article, we’ll be sharing with you different types of material used in the past decade and presently.

Plastic Material

This is one of the major materials in which a bowling ball is made of. This is also known as polyester material. A plastic material is a material that was used to make the first bowling ball in the 1950s. This coverstock material has a smooth surface. Also, it does not hook easily like other coverstock materials when thrown on the lane.

Likewise, it has less friction. Moreover, this material is less expensive and can be afforded without much stress including people on a budget. Since it is not really affected by the oil either on the edge or surface of the lane, players enjoy their game with it. For players who have just begin to take an interest in this game, a ball made from this material is the best option for you.

With this plastic material, a player has full control over the ball thereby knocking out as many as possible pins he desired. Professionals and average players could also use balls made from this material for shooting spares. This is because bowling balls of this material are predictable and they have less chance of hook potential.


This material was developed a few years after the production of plastic material around the 1980s precisely. Most balls today are still made from this material. When you are looking for a material that makes a ball last long for some time, there is no doubt that urethane material is the best option.

Unlike plastic material, this material produces a lot of friction between the ball and the lane surface. What makes this material unique when compared to plastic material is the fact that the former is more controllable than the latter. Also, this material has a high hook potential than plastic material.

A significant downside of Urethane material is that its high level of friction makes the ball deflect from one place to another thereby leading to knocking out of fewer pins has expected. Balls made from this material most times only need less maintenance thus saving extra expenses and time.

Reactive Resin

This material was developed at about ten years after the development of urethane material precisely around the 1990s. Some of the materials of urethane are also found in relative resin. This material gives the ball an opportunity to absorb oil either at the edge or on the surface of the lane thereby causing more friction on the ball.

Reactive Resin materials tend to produce a lot of friction compared to both urethane and plastic material. As a result of its high level of friction, these materials become less controllable. Also, this material is expensive and most time can only be afforded by professionals intermediate who earns a lot from playing a bowling ball.

Meanwhile, it has a high hooking power and tends to win more pins for you. For professionals or average players who want a lot of hooking power on their ball game, a relative resin material is the best option for you.


This is the modern material in which a bowling ball is made from. It is also known as proactive material. This material creates adequate friction for balls, especially on oiled lanes. Balls made from particle materials also enhance your game and winning chances as knocks out many pins at just a single throw.

Also, it has high hook power and most of the time give your flexible ball nature making it easy to throw. It is the best option for players who are either professionals or intermediate. You won’t be faced with any problem of controlling the ball made from this material. Lastly, they tend to be more balanced and fit for the hand.