[LAST UPDATED Sep. 18, 2014]
The following list is incomplete but I am trying to create as comprehensive list as I can. A big part of the reason for this is that whenever you try to argue that there are patterns in behavior in our society, people demand that you give them every single last example before they will even begin to listen to your argument (listen, I say, not believe what you say or agree with you). So, I’m being pre-emptive on that count.
Also, there is something about seeing a list like this and visually taking this in. That has its own impact. No matter how much I think about this, read about this, or write about this, I am constantly surprised at how many cases there are that I am able to locate.
Reminder: these are the allegations and cases that we know about. As I’ve noted before:
90% go unreported. I’ve addressed the overlap of football and rape culture at RH Reality Check.
Notre Dame in 1974 and 1976:
There was a woman who in 1974 accused six Notre Dame football players of gang-raping her. She was hospitalized and spent a month in psychiatric care, but that didn’t stop a university administrator from calling her “a queen of the slums with a mattress tied to her back.” There was the 17-year-old St. Mary’s student who in 1976 was raped by three men, two of whom had been accused in the 1974 case. The men were caught in the act. The woman says her resident assistant brought her to a top St. Mary’s official, who informed her one of the men had raped another St. Mary’s student. After that, she tells Henneberger, “I was told to shut up and mind my own business.”
How the NYT reported the 1974 case on December 5, 1976 in a piece titled, “Six Football Players and a Coach Who Cared:”
An 18-year-old South Bend high school student alleged that she had been raped by six black football players, that as many as 20 of the Fighting Irish were aware of the incident and that some even looked on. The unsigned complaint was made by the blonde senior at Sound Ben (Ind.) Memorial Hospital. She had driven there following the alleged rape — at a Notre Dame dormitory — to be examined for injuries. Although physically unharmed, the girl was later temporarily placed under psychiatric care.
Although the charges were soon dropped and that girl and her parents requested that no charges be filed against the players — one of whom was her boyfriend — the reputations of the young men hung by a thin, emotional thread.
From a National Catholic Reporter piece (Mar 2012) about the 1976 case:
A 17-year-old across the street at St. Mary’s was not having such a wonderful time. Now a lawyer, she contacted me after reading an earlier story I wrote about Lizzy Seeberg to say that two of the same young men accused in the case Anson wrote about, along with a third man, were caught in the act of raping her in her dorm room two years after the original case. Her resident assistant shooed them out of the room and took her to a top St. Mary’s official, who she says told her that one of the men had raped another St. Mary’s student as well. And then? “I was told to shut up and mind my own business,” and she did, until now. Which is not to say she ever really healed: “Every part of my life, every decision I’ve made has been completely different because of what happened that night.”
Outcome: 1974: According to the NYT piece, the coach, Ara Parseghian, “appealed to the university president and helped the students gain the precedent-setting clemency that allowed them back in school (one transferred).” The students were still suspended for a year because “they were found guilty of university violations while being cleared of criminal charges.” During the suspension year, “Parseghian found jobs for two of the students and helped the others enroll in junior colleges.”
1976: No charges filed.
Oregon in 1978: (the article is from 1980)
Dwight Robertson, the starting tailback for the University of Oregon, was indicted yesterday along with three former members of the football team on charges of first degree sodomy and coercion. Meanwhile, the Eugene police said they had conducted an investigation into alleged sexual assaults and burglaries by Oregon players and had talked to a number of women who said they were rape victims. The Lane County authorities said other players might be indicted. [...]
The police said the coercion charges stemmed from alleged threats by the four men indicted yesterday to expose a woman to public ridicule if she did not comply with their sexual demands. The offenses cited in the indictments allegedly occurred two years ago.
The other players involved were Roderick Milton Ward, a wide receiver, running back Reggie Young, and Andrew Page, a quarterback.
Outcome: The coach of the Ducks at the time, Rich Brooks, allowed Robertson to play even after he was indicted. Brooks said, “He is one of the finest young men I’ve ever met and I believe he’s innocent. Robertson was playing for the Ducks in 1982.
Ward “transferred to the University of Colorado after being declared ineligible at Oregon for the 1980 season for alleged misuse of a secret University of Oregon travel fund.”
Kentucky in 1979:
From a NYT piece from July 11, 1981 titled, “Ky. Considers Replacing Curci With Allen: Kentucky, Allen Discuss Job”
Seven other players were suspended from the team two years ago after being charged with raping a student, according to the Kentucky athletic department.
I am trying to locate more information about this case but it is hard to find.
From a NYT piece from July 11, 1981 titled, “Ky. Considers Replacing Curci With Allen: Kentucky, Allen Discuss Job”:
Two months ago, two players were indicted on sexual-assault charges.
I’m trying to locate more information about this case.
In an article yesterday, The Miami Herald said that a former Florida player, Larry Douglas, apparently received free legal advice last fall from a Gainesville lawyer, Leonard Ireland, after Douglas had been charged with sexual assault against a Florida coed.
Outcome: “The charges against Douglas were dismissed, The Herald noted, when the coed who had accused him said she had been harassed by some of his teammates and had decided not to testify against him.”
Ohio State in 1984:
From the NYT on Dec. 2, 1984
Roman Bates, the Ohio State fullback who had been charged with assault and sexual imposition on a 19-year-old coed last year Nov. 3, was acquitted of the charges by a jury in Columbus on Wednesday.
Outcome: Bates was later suspended from the football team in 1986 “for violating team regulations.”
Tom Watson, a senior offensive lineman on Syracuse University’s football team, has been suspended for five games after his guilty plea in a sexual misconduct case. Watson initially was charged with two counts of first-degree rape and one count of first-degree sodomy in connection with the alleged attack on an 18- year-old university woman in a dormitory room in February. The woman since has transferred to another school. Eggers’s office, in a statement, noted that a grand jury did not find evidence to indict Watson and that he pleaded guilty to sexual misconduct on the advice of his father and counsel while maintaining his innocence.
Outcome: The grand jury did not find enough evidence to indict but Watson plead guilty to a lesser charge of sexual misconduct.
Four University of California at Berkeley football players accused of raping a female student have agreed to apologize to her, undergo counseling and perform public service work, officials said. ”The resolution was what she wanted out of the case,” university attorney Shelly Drake, who represented the female student, said Friday. The woman, who was involved in negotiations for the settlement, said she was sexually assaulted Sept. 27 by the four men at the Clark Kerr dormitory just off campus.
Outcome: The four men agreed to apologize to her, undergo counseling and perform public service work. The Alameda County district attorney’s office declined to prosecute, saying there was insufficient evidence. University said the men could continue to play football.
From the Washington Post on Sep. 3, 1986:
A Pickens County (S. C.) Grand jury decided there was insufficient evidence to indict four present and former Clemson football university players on charges they sexually assaulted the mother of another player.
The grand jury returned no bills of indictment on three separate charges against Clemson tailback Kenny Flowers and defensive back A. J. Johnson and former players Duke Holloman and Craig Crawford. The three charges were criminal sexual assault, kidnapping and larceny.
Outcome: Flowers went to the NFL.
This month, after a three-year investigation, Miles Kusayanagi, a second-string linebacker in 1984 and ’85, was arrested and charged with raping one woman and the attempted rape of another. He is suspected of being the Duct-Tape Rapist, who terrorized Boulder by sexually assaulting eight women in 1986. Most of the victims reportedly had their eyes or mouth covered with silver duct tape before being raped. Kusayanagi is being held in lieu of $500,000 bail.
Outcome: (from 1992) Kusayanagi “convicted on four counts of first-degree sexual assault and is serving an 80-year sentence in a Colorado prison.” But as of today, he is listed in sex offender registries which indicates that he is out of jail.
Freshman running back Marcus Reliford, who is out on $7,500 bail after being charged with sexual assault and burglary. [...] At about 2 a.m. on Jan. 20, Reliford broke into a dorm room shared by two women, made sexual advances to one of its occupants, was rebuffed, bit her on the neck and raped her. [...] McCartney sometimes doesn’t seem to grasp the seriousness of the situation either. After the Reliford arrest, he told Denver television reporter Jane Hampden, “Rape by definition is a violent act; an act whereby there’s real physical violence involved, and so I don’t think that’s what we’re talking about here.”
Outcome: I can’t find the outcome of these charges. But by 1990, Reliford was playing football at the University of Akron. The following year, he pled guilty to burglary and after being dismissed by the University of Akron, sued them for it (he lost).
The Oklahoma University, 1989:
Perhaps the best example is that of Nigel Clay, one of two Oklahoma football players found guilty of gang-raping a woman in a dormitory in 1989. In 1992, Clay told the Los Angeles Times, “I don’t know how to say it, but, bottom line, I just felt that sometimes, walking around . . . Well, speaking for myself and a lot of other people, we felt like we were above the law,” he said, “like OU would protect us from anything.”
Outcome: “In November of 1989, Clay and an Oklahoma teammate, Bernard Hall, were convicted of raping a 20-year-old Oklahoma City woman in the Sooner athletic dormitory, Bud Wilkinson House. Both players received 10-year prison sentences. A third Oklahoma player charged in the case, Glen Bell, was acquitted.” (link) In 1994, Clay was out of jail after serving four years and playing football again, this time for San Bernardino Valley College. It appears that Hall was playing in the Arena Football League in 1996: “St. Louis FB/LB BERNARD HALL sets the AFL Record for rushing touchdowns in a single season with 29.”
Three incoming USC freshman football players are charged with battery and sexual battery and false imprisonment of a USC graduate student.
Outcome: The three were acquitted.
The University of Tennessee today dropped an investigation into the alleged sexual assault of a female student by three football players. The case was dropped at the woman’s request, university officials said. [...]
The three football players — Kacy Rodgers, Dewayne Dotson and Keith Jeter — were suspended from the team Oct. 12 by Coach Johnny Majors for violating a team rule regarding the hours during which women may visit the athletes’ dormitory.
Outcome: Rodgers is a defensive line coach for the Miami Dolphins.
Women were humiliated and sometimes assaulted in the football dormitories, according to police, players, wives and girlfriends. One ex-student told The Miami Herald she was assaulted by several players in 1990. She said Erickson talked her out of going to the police. Erickson declined to comment for this story. [...]
One student who requested she not be identified said she was sexually assaulted by four players in 1990. She said she passed out drunk and woke up wearing a ripped bra and a man’s shorts. Another woman and a former player who were present told The Herald that players burned the assaulted woman’s shoes and took her earrings, and that players wrote “bitch” and “slut” on her with a yellow and blue marker.
Derrick Dodson, an Arkansas football player on academic probation, pleaded guilty to rape and burglary and was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
Outcome: Pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 30 in prisons. Based on a sex offender registry, it appears that he is now out of jail and homeless in Alabama.
The 5-foot-2-inch, 120-pound Redmond, then 18, was enrolled at the University of Nebraska for just one week when she met the 6-2, 265-pound [Christian] Peter, a nose tackle on the football team. She says Peter, who could bench-press 450 pounds, lured her to his room and raped her. The next day, she says, Peter pushed his way past dorm security and into her room, where he raped her again, this time with two of his teammates keeping watch.
Outcome: Redmond went to the police two years after the rapes occurred. Redmond says she received death threats and prank phone calls (with the callers playing the Nebraska fight song). Her car was vandalized, and she says she was trailed by a private investigator. “The university knew and they just didn’t care because they were playing good football,” says Redmond. Peter was never charged with assaulting Redmond.” (see below in 1993 for more on Peter)
Linebacker Louis Thomas was kicked off the Missouri football team following his arrest on a rape charge, coach Bob Stull said.
Outcome: He was convicted of rape but had appealed the case in 1993: “A jury convicted Louis Thomas of rape, but it considered evidence that Thomas had made a sexual advance toward another woman in an incident not related to the alleged rape. Thomas alleges that the evidence so inflamed the jury’s passions and prejudices that it prevented him from receiving a fair trial. We agree. We reverse his conviction and remand the case for a new trial.” I cannot find any information beyond that point.
Two former Arkansas football players were acquitted of rape charges yesterday in Fayetteville, Ark., after a jury heard the defendants deny having sex with a teen-age girl who said she consented to the acts.
The girl was 13 at the time of the incident last April, and Arkansas law defines sex with a partner under the age of 14 as rape even if the partner is willing.
Freddie Bradley and Derrick Martin, both 22, were found innocent in Washington County Circuit Court. Martin was also acquitted of an additional charge of sexual abuse, stemming from allegations he forcibly fondled a 14-year-old friend of the younger girl.
Bradley, a running back, and Martin, a defensive back, were dismissed from the team last spring after charges were filed.
Outcome: Arkansas had revoked [Bradley's] scholarship so he went home to Oxnard to live with his wife, Edith, and young son, Svondo. He then went to Sonoma State and was eventually drafted into the NFL.
I was unable to find anything definitive about Martin.
In 1993, Melissa DeMuth filed a police complaint saying Peter invited her to his room in the company of his friends, and then sexually assaulted her. Also in 1993, Peter repeatedly grabbed Natalie Kuijvenhoven, a former Miss Nebraska, by the crotch in a crowded bar and in an obscenity-laced tirade told her how much she loved it.
Outcome: Peter was convicted of sexual assault and received 18 months probation. “He continued to play football for Nebraska. After the 1993 conviction, Nebraska coach Tom Osborne suspended Peter for one game, a spring exhibition.” Peter went onto an NFL career. BUT this is cool: “The lineman was drafted in the fifth round by the Patriots in 1996, but a day later the Patriots disavowed their pick after a hailstorm of bad publicity about Peter’s violent past. Unknown to Redmond, she had an ally in the Patriot family, Myra Kraft, wife of owner Bob Kraft. The Patriots released Peter three days later.” (for more on Peter, see above in 1991)
Florida State in 1994: First:
On Monday kicker Scott Bentley received 40 hours of community service and a $500 fine after pleading no contest to charges he illegally taped a sexual interlude. Bentley, who kicked the game-winning field goal in FSU’s national title victory over Nebraska in the Orange Bowl, admitted making an audio tape of an encounter with Florida A&M student Heather A. Bates in February at her apartment.
Reserve tight end Kamari Charlton was arrested Tuesday on a charge of raping a former girlfriend. Charlton, a former all-state player at Florida Air Academy in Melbourne, was charged with one count of sexual battery and one count of battery.
Outcome: Bentley pled no contest, did community service hours, and paid a fine. He was suspended for that summer, allowing him to return to the fold a week before the start of training camp. Charlton was “suspended by then-coach Bobby Bowden and was dismissed from school for the 1994-95 season. [...] He was later acquitted of all charges and was reinstated to the team for the 1995-96 season. In 1998, he was arrested for battery in Tallahassee and served community service.”
DeAnthony Hall was charged with attempted rape for a 1994 incident with an 18-year-old woman in a dormitory for athletes.
Outcome: He pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of public sexual misconduct and was sentenced to one year in jail with six months suspended and fined $1,000. I was unable to find anything else about Hall.
Keith Mills, Jeff Johnson, and Nakia Thompson were accused of having sex with two girls ages 15 and 13 in a dorm room in 1994 and charged with statutory rape.
Outcome: “They pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of contributing to the delinquency of a minor, a misdemeanor. They received suspended jail sentences of 11 months and 29 days of probation and were ordered to perform 96 hours of community service.” I was unable to find out anything about the players beyond this.
According to the lawsuit, Ms. [Christy] Brzonkala was returning from a party with another female student, Hope Handley, at 2 A.M. on Sept. 21, 1994, when Mr. [Antonio] Morrison and Mr. [James] Crawford, whom Ms. Brzonkala did not know, called to them from the third floor of the dorm. The women went into the room of the two men and spent a few minutes talking to them. When Ms. Handley and Mr. Crawford left the room, Mr. Morrison raped Ms. Brzonkala, the lawsuit charges. It says that Mr. Crawford then returned, and the two men took turns sexually assaulting her. Mr. Morrison told her, the lawsuit says, “You better not have any diseases.” [...] Christy agreed to bring a confidential university disciplinary complaint against the young men she identified as her assailants: two freshmen football players, both residents of her dormitory. But the university cleared one for lack of evidence and, after ordering a one-year suspension of the other, canceled it just before football season.
Outcome: Brzonkala left Tech in August 1995 after she learned that the university had reinstated Crawford. The university cleared Crawford after a teammate came forward as an alibi witness, and set aside a one-year suspension meted out to Morrison by two administrative panels. Brzonkala decided to federally sue, seeking “$8.3 million from the university and the two students, Antonio J. Morrison and James L. Crawford” under the Violence Against Women Act. A federal judge in a District Court ruled in favor of the two men in February 1996 and dismissed the suit. That April, “a grand jury found insufficient evidence to indict Antonio Morrison and James Crawford.” Brzonkala also brought a federal lawsuit against Tech for sex discrimination, a suit that was dismissed in May 1996. In late 1997, “A panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit voted 2 to 1 on Tuesday to uphold the 1994 law, which allows victims of sex-based crimes to sue their attackers in Federal court,” siding with Brzonkala in her VAWA suit. In 1999, “A 1994 law that allows rape victims to sue their attackers on grounds that their civil rights were violated was declared unconstitutional today by the Federal appeals court here. Ruling 7 to 4 in the case of a college student who sued two football players at Virginia Polytechnic and State University, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit declared that the law was a ”sweeping intrusion” into matters traditionally handled by the states. The appeals court said Congress had reached too far in interpreting its right to regulate interstate commerce when it passed the law, the Violence Against Women Act.” In January 2000, the case was heard before the Supreme Court. Their ruling in May affirmed the Fourth Circuit’s decision, striking down the part of VAWA on which Brzonkala built her case. (for more on Crawford, see below in 1996)
Andre Humphrey was accused of assault with intent to commit criminal sexual conduct in 1994.
Outcome: He was accepted into a pretrial intervention program that included counseling and 50 hours of community service. Based on this Getty image from 1995 of Humphrey playing, he clearly returned to playing for the team. That’s confirmed here.
Weldon English, Eric Yarbrough, and Calvin Robinson Jr. were accused of raping a 16-year-old girl in 1994 at a motel in Denton, Texas.
Outcome: “English and Yarbrough pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of sexual assault, and each received seven years of probation. Robinson pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of aggravated assault and received four years of probation.”
Five current and former football players were charged with having sex with 14- and 15-year-old girls, statutory rape. Later, Prosecutor Mark Hiedeman reduced the charges to misdemeanor battery because the alleged victims refused to testify in public.
Outcome: “Football players Ike Johnson and Thomas Washington pleaded guilty, were fined $350 and placed on a year’s probation. Head Coach Brian McNeely informed them they were permanently kicked off the team. Former players Sam Carter and Derrick Carter, no relation, pleaded guilty to the same charges.” Looks like Johnson is now a high school football coach in Idaho. I was unable to find out anything about the players beyond this.
Rahsetnu Jenkins was charged with felony rape in Columbia, Mo., in 1995.
Outcome: Jenkins “pleaded guilty to reduced charges of first-degree sexual misconduct and third-degree assault, both misdemeanors. He was given a one-year suspended sentence and two years of supervised probation on the misconduct charge and 60 days in county jail on the assault charge.” Jenkins was initially indefinitely suspended from the team (though he remained on scholarship). “Oct. 26, 1995: Missouri wide receiver Rahsetnu Jenkins rejoined the football team shortly after pleading guilty to sexual misconduct and assault on a 24-year-old woman. He initially was charged with rape. Missouri coach Larry Smith said Jenkins’ plea to a lesser charAge warranted the reinstatement. “To me, a misdemeanor is a misdemeanor,” Smith explained at the time. “Even being a misdemeanor, it has cost him 3-1/2 months of football and seven games. … If there was any kind of disciplinary action, it has already happened.”” Jenkins, 21, is Missouri’s leading receiver.” (link)
The incident early this year began after a party when the victim became intoxicated and consented to have sex with a man. After the sex act, while the victim lay nearly unconscious, [Arthur Turner Jr.] was offered an opportunity by the man to have sex with her. The woman later complained to police and Turner was arrested, although he claimed the sex was consensual.
Outcome: Turner “was charged with sexual assault but [on February 16, 1996] pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of false imprisonment, a gross misdemeanor.” I was unable to find out anything about Turner beyond this.
Two Clemson football players were released from jail yesterday and two others remained behind bars after a judge set their bonds at $20,000 on charges of raping a student on campus.
Eric Bernard Williams, 18, of Blenheim, S.C., and Adrian Kennell Dingle, 18, of Holly Hill, S.C., posted bond to get out of the Pickens County jail. Christopher Rice, 19, of Starkville, Miss.; and Bennie K. Zeigler, 18, of St. Petersburg, Fla. are still in jail.
If convicted on the charges of criminal sexual conduct and conspiracy, each man could receive as much as 35 years in prison.
The players have been suspended indefinitely from the team. Coach Tommy West said Tuesday he would not comment further while the charges are pending.
The 19-year-old woman said [senior fullback Brian] Edmonds and [sophomore wide receiver James] Crawford took turns holding her down and raping her. The charges will go before a Montgomery County grand jury next month. Both men have maintained their innocence.
Outcome: Edmonds was dismissed from the team, Crawford suspended (Edmonds had been charged with participating in the beating of a Tech track member; he pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 30 days in jail, with 28 days suspended for this crime). They both sued the woman for extortion and defamation but withdrew the lawsuit. In April 1997, they were indicted on charges of rape and sodomy. Crawford, who had been arrested during the 1995 season for another incident [another sexual assault, see above in 1994], was no longer with the team at that point. In Sept 1997, both “pleaded no contest to a reduced charge Friday and were given suspended sentences. [...] In entering what is known as an Alford plea, the two conceded that prosecutors had enough evidence to convict them of attempted aggravated sexual battery, but they did not admit guilt. Circuit Judge G.O. Clemens accepted their plea and the sentence recommended by prosecutors. Each man received a one-year suspended sentence and was ordered to pay $500 to area women’s counseling centers.”
Grambling State University has expelled five students, including four football players, accused of raping a 15-year-old girl Nov. 9 in a campus dormitory. Michael Mitchell Gooden, 19, Marlon Evis Jones, 20, and Dalin Montrell Smith, 19 and Michael Smith, 18 were redshirt players on the football team.
Outcome: (Feb 1997) “Four former football players at Grambling are no longer accused of raping a 15-year-old girl, but of…having sex with a juvenile. The Lincoln Parish District Attorney’s Office also dropped charges of aggravated oral sexual battery against the men.” I was unable to find out anything about the players beyond this.
After James McIntyre, a starter on the New Mexico State football team, was charged with raping two students last summer, the head coach suspended him. But the athletic department decided to honor his scholarship pending trial. He was allowed to stay on campus, although he had previously been convicted of disorderly conduct after a skirmish with the campus police, and had been the subject of several sexual harassment complaints.
Outcome: I was unable to find out anything about McIntyre or his trial.
In early 1997 at Appalachian, a student said she was raped by at least six football players while heavily intoxicated.
Outcome: (from this link)
According to a 1997 News & Observer article, the judicial board acquitted all of the players of forcible sexual offense, which would have resulted in them being expelled. They found five guilty only of lewd conduct, one was suspended and the others simply couldn’t play football while on probation. Afterwards five of the players sued the woman for libel and slander (the suit was later dismissed).
Kori Pienovi, who graduated from Notre Dame in May, says Cooper Rego raped her in his dorm room Oct. 11, 1997, when she was a freshman.
Outcome: No criminal charges were filed against Rego, but Pienovi said he was expelled from Notre Dame the following February after a disciplinary hearing and an appeal to the university president, the Rev. Edward A. Malloy. He was banned from campus. He then transferred to West Virginia and finished his college football career there. For more on Rego after football.
Colorado at Boulder in 1997 and 2001 (from my Atlantic piece):
In 1997 and again in 2001, women said that they were raped at parties hosted for football recruits. The later instance involved both football players and high school recruits who, together, allegedly sexually assaulted three women. No charges were filed in either case.
But there was another case at Colorado in 1999:
As a CU placekicker in 1999, Katie Hnida says she endured a kind of sexual hell you can’t imagine. After being verbally abused and molested by teammates, Hnida says, she was raped by one of them.
And July 2013: “University Of Colorado at Boulder Faces Federal Investigation For Being Too Lenient On Rapists” Outcome: The 2001 case led to multiple lawsuits that went through the courts for years, finally ending in a settlement in 2007. Hnida never sued or pressed charges.
Robbie Crockett was accused of having sex with a 13-year-old girl in 1998 and was charged with third-degree criminal sexual conduct. Crockett pleaded guilty to one count of fourth-degree criminal sexual conduct and was sentenced to 90 days in prison and three years of probation. He was also ordered to pay fines and court costs of more than $2,700 and to pay for the victim’s counseling.
Outcome: According to Iowa football’s page for Crockett, he played the 1998 season.
According to authorities, Pixler was a freshman at Heidelberg in November, 1999, when he encouraged Nicholas R. Klingler, 21, of Circleville, Ohio, to commit the assault on visiting Bowling Green State University coed who had passed out. The videotape was played for other male students in the King Hall dormitory.
Outcome: Klingler pleaded guilty to three counts of sexual battery and was sentenced in July to four years in prison. Klingler, who had agreed to testify against Pixler, also was designated as a sexually oriented offender.
Alison Jennings told her parents that on Nov. 21, 1999, she had been maneuvered into a bedroom at a party and raped by four members of the Oklahoma State football team. Criminal charges were never filed, she said, because in the hours following the incident, she had signed a waiver of prosecution after being told by the police that her story had not been corroborated and she did not have a case.
Outcome: In 2001, Jennings sued Detective Robert Buzzard and the former O.S.U. players — Alvin Porter, Evan Howell, J. B. Flowers and Marcellus Rivers, a rookie tight end with the New York Giants. In 2004, the NY Daily News reported that Jennings had ”settled civil lawsuits against Rivers and another player, Alvin Porter, [in 2003] but both men have fallen behind in their payments and Jennings says she doesn’t have the resources to go back to court to press them. Last month, a federal appeals court denied her request to reinstate a lawsuit filed against the Stillwater police.” Hard to locate anything about this case beyond early 2005.
Brittany Benefield, now 18, sued in 2001, saying she became a sexual “plaything” for more than two dozen UAB football and basketball players after enrolling. Benefield initially sought $40 million in the suit. The complaint at first was filed anonymously, but a court ruled her name had to be made public in records for the case to proceed.
Benefield was 15 at the time of the numerous sexual assaults. Outcome: Benefield left UAB in December 2000. In 2002, ESPN Mag reported:
On Aug. 30, 2001, the same day the Blazers opened a new football season by beating Montana State, 41-13, John Whitaker and Terry Dytrych, lawyers for the Benefields, filed a civil suit in state court against 44 people, including members of UAB’s administration and police, two coaches, 26 athletes — and the mascot. [...] The miracle baby is 17 now, but despite a heavy dusting of midnight-blue eye shadow, she still looks like an apple-cheeked 14-year-old. She does clerical work in her mom’s office; she can’t afford to go back to college. Instead, she attends weekly substance-abuse sessions. Her meetings with a rape counselor are down from four a week to just one. Three years ago, she chased life at warp speed. Now she barely makes it from day to day. There are moments when she’ll sit on her bed and just zone out.
Outcome: Benefield settled with UAB in 2003.
She remembers what she was wearing that night, and she remembers surrendering that white blouse and those tan, fake-leather pants to Eugene police.
She remembers when the University of Oregon football player began kissing her and when she told him to stop and the quiet ride home afterwards. “I think when I got out, he said, ‘Don’t talk about this to anyone,’” Kelly Goodman says.
She thinks? “It’s been 13 years,” the Idaho Air National Guard staff sergeant reminds me, 13 years since she says she was raped in 2001: “It was a hard time for me. I dropped out of college.” Became pregnant as a result of the assault. “Had an abortion. I struggled with my life.”
Outcome: University told her to talk to the police. Charges were never filed.
The plaintiff, identified in court records by her initials, S.S., alleged that former Huskies defensive back Roc Alexander raped her in 2001, and that the university trivialized her complaint. Instead of directing her to police, university officials suggested mediation — a confidential process in which she and Alexander sat down together with the university’s ombudswoman and a senior associate athletic director to discuss what had happened. No criminal charges were filed against Alexander in this case. Nor were charges filed in a second case, in which another student accused him of sexual assault. In both instances, Alexander settled lawsuits filed by the women for undisclosed sums.
Outcome: Roc Alexander went on to an NFL career. In 2008, “a three-judge appeals panel cited “ample evidence” to argue before a jury that the UW tried to keep quiet the 2001 allegation against former Huskies player Roc Alexander by discouraging the accuser from filing a police report, opting instead for a face-to-face mediation session between her and Alexander.” Cannot find if anything happened after that point.
The woman who told police she awoke from a drunken stupor to find naked men on top of her remains at the academy, clinging to the remnants of her privacy and wrestling with doubts about agreeing to the deal, according to her mother. She declined to be interviewed for this story but allowed her mother to speak for her.
Outcome: “Brittingham, Martin and Williams were kicked off the team but avoided criminal prosecution by agreeing to resign from the academy.”
Two football players at Iowa State University were charged with assault and second-degree sexual abuse arising from a January incident in which they allegedly assaulted an 18-year-old woman. The players, Royce A. Hooks and Brent R. Nash, were suspended from the team.
The victim was the sister of former Cyclone offensive lineman Marcel Howard and current ISU linebacker Aaron Howard. Outcome: Hooks was found not guilty of second-degree sexual assault charges. Nash’s charges were dismissed and he never went to trial. Hooks went on to graduate from ISU in 2004.
Mississippi defensive tackle Brandon Roddy is facing sexual battery charges and has been indefinitely suspended from the team. Roddy, a junior from Peoria, Ill., was arrested Saturday by Oxford police and held over the holiday weekend at the Lafayette County Detention Center. He was released Tuesday on $20,000 bond. “The officers were met by the victim who stated she had been sexually assaulted,” Assistant Police Chief Mike Martin said. “Based upon a sworn affidavit by the victim, the suspect was arrested and charged with one count of sexual battery.”
Outcome: Cannot find anything beyond January 24, 2002.
Brandon Williams, a 21-year-old football defensive back on trial on rape charges, looked on in Clarke County Superior Court as the woman described how he emerged half-naked from a closet and accosted her. Jurors heard the first detailed account of the incident in basketball guard Tony Cole’s dorm room that led to felony charges against Cole, Williams and basketball forward Steve Thomas. Cole and Thomas have yet to be tried in the case.
Outcome: From the Title IX Blog in 2007
Tiffany Williams alleges that in 2002, she was gang-raped by several members of the University of Georgia football and basketball teams. The athletes, Tony Cole, Brandon Williams and Steven Thomas, were indicted but not convicted of criminal charges. While they were suspended from their respective teams (after or near the end of their college careers), the university did not levy other sanctions against them because by the time judicial hearings were held, the athletes were no longer enrolled. Williams brought charges under Title IX against the University of Georgia, the University of Georgia Athletic Association, and a number of individuals including the University President, the UGAA President, and the coach of the men’s basketball team. A district court granted the individual and institutional defendants’ motion to dismiss. But, last year, a three-judge panel of the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals partially reversed the district court, ordering it to reconsider plaintiff’s Title IX claims against UGA and the UGAA.
The alleged victim told South Bend police she left a local bar with the four male students expecting to go to an off-campus party. However, she said she realized there was no party when she reached the house. The woman told police she tried to resist, but she was unable to escape from the men, who each allegedly raped her. Afterward, one of the alleged attackers drove the woman back to campus.
Outcome: According to Benedict and Keteyian: “One of them pleaded guilty to sexual battery; the other three were exonerated.” The one who pleaded guilty? He transferred schools, played ball at Kent State, and went on to be signed by the Miami Dolphins (here’s a disgusting story about how his victim “waged a smear campaign” against him).
Junior football player was charged with attempted rape and sexual battery. Clarence (C.J.) Young was accused of pulling an Indiana student into a bathroom at a party and attempting to rape her in December. He also was charged with sexual battery after an incident last July.
Outcome: cannot find any other information about this case
Hakim Hill is a running back on the 16th-ranked Arizona State football team that will play at No. 18 Iowa on Saturday. He starred at Iowa City High and spent many pleasant afternoons at Kinnick Stadium watching his brother, Kahlil, play wide receiver for Iowa. He also had some difficult times, including a sexual assault charge and an arrest for drunken driving. Even so, Hill said he still looks forward to the trip. In 2000, Hill was charged with third-degree sexual assault after being accused of locking himself in a City High classroom with a 15-year-old girl and forcing her to have sex.
Outcome: He escaped jail time by entering an Alford plea, meaning he did not admit guilt but acknowledged that prosecutors had enough evidence to convict him at trial. He went on to play ball at Arizona State.
A University of Tennessee football player won’t be charged with raping a 16-year-old girl in a dormitory this spring, Knox County prosecutors said Wednesday.
The girl accused Antwan Stewart, a redshirt freshman from Triangle, Va., projected to start at cornerback this fall, of sexually assaulting her May 17. She and a 17-year-old friend were visiting Gibbs Hall, a dormitory primarily occupied by athletes.
“Considering all the evidence, it is clear there is not sufficient evidence to prove the allegations in the case beyond a reasonable doubt, as is required by law. Therefore, we will not bring charges in the matter,” District Attorney General Randy Nichols said.
[Nose guard Travis] Johnson’s accuser, a 23-year-old athlete, told the court that she had sex with Johnson on three previous occasions, but had ended that part of their relationship. She and Johnson were watching a movie on television late Feb. 6 or early Feb. 7, when the alleged assault happened. Soon after, she told one of her coaches, who informed the school’s administration of the allegation. Her first call to the police was on Feb. 18. Johnson’s lawyers said the sexual encounter was consensual and that his accuser became angry when she learned Johnson had another girlfriend. A jury of six women took less than 30 minutes to find Johnson not guilty after a two-day trial. Mary Coburn, the university’s student affairs vice president, drafted an agreement that proposed that neither the accuser nor the player pursue legal action. FSU President T.K. Wetherell spoke to both parties but did not personally extend that proposal.
Kansas State star Ell Roberson was cleared to play Friday in the Fiesta Bowl the day after a woman accused the Wildcats’ quarterback of sexual assault.
Outcome: “Prosecutors said Thursday they wouldn’t press criminal charges against Roberson because he could not have known the 22-year-old woman who accused him did not consent. County attorney spokesman Bill FitzGerald declined to elaborate” (from USA Today). Roberson went on to play ball in the CFL.
Missouri freshman linebacker Alvin Newhouse was charged Monday with forcible rape and forcible sodomy, police said.
University police Capt. Brian Weimer said the victim came to police Sunday afternoon, accusing Newhouse of raping her early that morning in his Graham Hall dorm room.
Outcome: “Newhouse was charged Dec. 13, after which he was suspended indefinitely from the MU football team, and his scholarship was revoked.” (via) He eventually “pleaded guilty to sexual misconduct charges today and received 60 days of jail and two years of supervised probation.”
According to documents filed in the civil lawsuit and an ASU police department investigation, Darnel Henderson was, as part of his football scholarship, assigned in 2003 to an ASU curriculum known as Summer Bridge, a four-week transition program designed to help incoming freshmen adjust to college life. Henderson, a defensive back, was in trouble within days, according to witnesses and documents discovered in the victim’s pretrial investigation. He was accused of grabbing and touching women in the dorm, exposing himself to female staff members and threatening freshman women. When confronted over his misconduct, Henderson told an ASU official that he wanted women to fear him and that it was important for him to “show them their place.” Steve Rippon, the ASU director of academic success, expelled Henderson from the transition program. But Koetter, the head football coach, persuaded school officials to allow Henderson to return to the campus under a zero tolerance policy. Despite his previous difficulties, Henderson was permitted to live in a dorm when he came back. On March 11, 2004, according to police reports and lawsuit documents, he began openly stalking his victim, talking to her about the Kobe Bryant rape case and calling her repeatedly on her cell phone. Early on the morning of March 12, Henderson entered the victim’s dorm room through an unlocked door. The victim had been drinking and was asleep. As Henderson attacked her, police say, she awakened and recognized Henderson. Emergency room records show injuries that could not have occurred in consensual sex.
Outcome: In 2009: “In an unprecedented legal settlement, a former Arizona State University student who was raped in her dorm room in 2004 by one of the school’s football players will collect $850,000, and the Arizona university system will establish a women’s safety czar for all three major campuses — ASU, the University of Arizona and Northern Arizona University.”
Provo police launched an investigation after the girl reported that she went to the off-campus apartment of Karland Bennett and B. J. Mathis on Aug. 8, watched pornography with a group of players, drank vodka with them and then, after passing out or falling asleep, woke up while being raped by three or four players.
Outcome: The jury acquitted both players. In their book, Benedict and Keteyian, then write some of the most devastating words I have read in a while:
Brown [the victim] was devastated. After leaving the courthouse, she collapsed and started sobbing. “They raped me. They raped me. They raped me.” She had to be carried to the car. Over the ensuing months, she became a recluse and gained seventy-five pounds. [...] After the courtroom cleared out, three jurors were still around. Kelly [the prosecuting attorney] cornered them and asked why they had acquitted. “The jury said they had suffered enough,” Kelly said. “They lost their scholarships. They were kicked off the team.” Kelly said it was the most bizarre thing she’d ever heard— the idea that the players had been sufficiently punished when they lost their opportunity to play football. “That’s the power of college football,” she said.
Six football players at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga have been charged with taking turns raping a drunken student after a party. Police said the woman told investigators she got drunk at a party and became separated from her friends. When the party began to break up about 2:30 a.m., she said, she was taken to the apartment, where seven to 10 men took turns having sex with her. She said she objected and hit them, but they forced themselves on her.
Outcome: ”A judge threw out a gang rape case Wednesday against six University of Tennessee-Chattanooga football players, ruling that there was not enough evidence to prove that their sex with a with a female student was not consensual” (from USA Today). One player might have transferred to Albany State (hard to connect the two but name is unique). One might be coaching at WPI after graduating from Morehouse (name the same, same home town). Hard to find information about the other players.
Alameda County, Calif., Superior Court Judge Thomas Reardon sentenced Noah Smith, 23, Tuesday. The newspaper said Smith was arrested in 2007 after a fellow UC-Berkeley student complained to police he had forced her to perform oral sex on him and raped her in an apartment. Police said another woman accused Smith of trying to rape her [in 2005], but that she had escaped. Smith, who was a wide receiver for the school’s football team, denied assaulting or raping either woman but was found guilty of the charges this year, the newspaper said.
Outcome: In 2011, “a state appeals court in San Francisco…upheld the conviction and four-year sentence of a former University of California at Berkeley football player for the rape and attempted rape of two female students.”
Three freshman UAlbany football players were arrested and charged with a first-degree rape that officials said took place early Sunday morning on Indian Quad.
Outcome: Two of the players pled guilty in June 2007. I could not locate the result of the third player’s charges.
USC quarterback Mark Sanchez, who was battling to become the Trojans’ starter, was arrested Wednesday on suspicion of sexual assault.
Los Angeles Police Department officers took the 19-year-old redshirt freshman into custody about 4 p.m., after a female USC student told police she had been sexually assaulted by Sanchez in the early morning. Sanchez, from Mission Viejo, was arrested at the Cardinal Gardens apartment complex at 3131 McClintock Ave. [...]
Michael L. Jackson, USC’s vice president of student affairs, said that Sanchez would be put on “interim suspension” while the case was pending, meaning that the athlete cannot attend class or participate in other student activities until the university reviews the situation further.
Outcome: From Deadspin in 2011, “Sanchez was never charged, and the case was dropped a couple of months later after investigators determined there was a lack of evidence. (Medical examinations of Sanchez and the alleged victim were inconclusive on “the issue of force,” as the Associated Press put it. Prosecutors said it was “essentially a ‘one-on-one’ allegation.”) Sanchez went on to earn the starting job in his junior season and was picked fifth overall by the Jets in the 2009 NFL Draft.”
A former University of Iowa athlete fought back tears Tuesday as she told jurors she was sexually assaulted by two football players during a 2007 attack that left her “devastated, violated.” The woman was the first witness to testify at the second-degree sexual abuse trial of former Iowa football player Cedric Everson, who is fighting a charge that could send him to prison for up to 25 years. Prosecutors allege Everson assaulted the woman while she was passed out after another football player raped her, but Everson’s attorney argued the sex was consensual.
Outcome: Both players were suspended from the team and later transferred to other schools. In 2011, “a jury convicted [Everson] on the least serious charge possible: misdemeanor assault…. For Everson, the verdict means the 21-year-old faces no more than 30 days in jail when he is sentenced Feb. 25. He won’t have to register as a sex offender. He’ll be able to return to Atlanta to his new wife and 1-year-old daughter. And the former defensive back said he hopes to resume his college football career as soon as next fall at a school neither he nor his attorney identified.” He was later sentenced to one week in jail. The other player – Abe Satterfield – “received a suspended sentence on an assault charge in a plea agreement after agreeing to testify at Everson’s trial, but his testimony wasn’t particularly helpful to the prosecution.” The judge “ordered Everson and Satterfield to pay a total of $2,084 to cover the cost of the woman’s sexual assault examination. He also ordered Everson to not have any contact with the woman for five years.”
Three University of Minnesota football players, including two from Ohio, were released from police custody on Monday, but investigators said they would continue probing the reported rape of an 18-year-old woman last week. The University of Minnesota’s Police Department received a report on Friday that the woman was raped sometime between late Tuesday and Wednesday morning. The victim was examined at a local hospital.
A fourth player was arrested a few months later in connection with this case. Outcome: In 2008, the one player who was arrested went to trial and was “cleared Friday of a more serious rape charge but was convicted of unwanted sexual contact in an incident captured on a cell phone video.” One of the original three who were arrested but not charged (and still dismissed from the team) transferred to Cincinnati. Another went to Kentucky State University and played ball there. The third one transferred to Illinois State.
Nebraska offensive lineman Andy Christensen was arrested early Saturday, suspected of sexual assault after an overnight incident at a downtown bar.
A 23-year-old Lincoln woman reported that Christensen approached her from behind, reached underneath her clothing and sexually assaulted her about 12:30 a.m., Lincoln police Capt. Joseph Wright said.
An Air Force Academy cadet met an academy football player because he said he needed someone to talk to one night in early November 2011.
Moments after he locked the door behind her, she realized he wanted something else.
The female cadet’s accusations came Wednesday during an evidence hearing for Anthony D. Daniels Jr., a junior football player charged with sodomy and aggravated sexual contact in connection with the incident. Prosecutors also charged him with attempted sodomy stemming from allegations he tried to force himself on another woman two years earlier.
Outcome: From March 2013: “An Air Force Academy cadet was sentenced on Friday to eight months in jail and dismissal from the Air Force after a panel of officers returned a mixed verdict in his sexual misconduct case.”
In 2009, Brendan Gibbons was a red shirt freshman field goal kicker for the University of Michigan football team. However, before his first varsity kick, he was arrested shortly after the Michigan/Ohio State football game in 2009, for raping an 18 yr. old freshman at a party in the Chi Psi fraternity house. [...] Shortly after the woman reported the rape, she began to receive threats from Gibbons roommate and fellow football player, Taylor Lewan (now an All-American), that he would rape her again if she pressed charges against Gibbons.
Outcome: In Jan 2014, ”More than four years after the alleged rape and more than two years since Smith brought it to the attention of the most powerful administrators at Michigan, the 2009 incident and the school’s handling of it came to the fore when Gibbons was expelled in late January for a violation of the university’s Student Sexual Misconduct Policy. Documents obtained by The Michigan Daily, which first reported the expulsion, show that it was directly related to the 2009 incident and that there was evidence to support “a finding that the Respondent engaged in unwanted or unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature, committed without valid consent, and that conduct was so severe as to create a hostile, offensive, or abusive environment.”" Feb 2014: ”Former Michigan offensive tackle Taylor Lewan denied allegations that he intimidated a woman in 2009 who said she was sexually assaulted by one of his former teammates, kicker Brendan Gibbons.” ”The University of Michigan is reportedly the subject of a federal investigation regarding the school’s handling of an alleged 2009 rape involving former kicker Brendan Gibbons.”
The University of Missouri did not investigate or tell law enforcement officials about an alleged rape, possibly by one or more members of its football team, despite administrators finding out about the alleged 2010 incident more than a year ago, an “Outside the Lines” investigation has found. The alleged victim, a member of the swim team, committed suicide in 2011.
Outcome: From April 2014: “For now, an arrest seems unlikely. According to a public information officer at the Columbia Police Department, “there are no updates” on the investigation. However the OTL report does seem to have had an effect on the university. In February, the school announced that it had hired independent counsel “to conduct an investigation to determine whether university employees acted consistent with law and university policy regarding the allegations of the sexual assault or rape of former MU student-athlete Sasha Menu Courey.” On April 11, the Associated Press reported that the independent counsel found “that the University of Missouri failed to follow parts of the federal law that governs sexual harassment on campus.” The counsel did not, however, make any recommendations. The university also launched a task force to assess its policies and procedures for reporting sexual assault. In March, the university newspaper, The Missourian, reported that the school was close to revising its confusing employee policy for reporting suspected sexual violence. The site revealed that there was no “mandatory training for MU faculty or staff on how to handle the reporting of Title IX incidents” and that this had led many faculty members to feel unsure of who needs to report or what they need to report. Last week’s news of an executive order compelling staff to report sexual assault was a good step forward.”
Former University of Missouri football running back Derrick Washington was sentenced Monday to five years in prison for the off-campus sexual assault of a former tutor, but the one-time senior captain may spend significantly less time behind bars.
Outcome: Washington served “only 120 days as part of a “shock incarceration” program specially designed for first-time offenders.” He returned to the field playing for Tuskegee where he “led the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference in rushing (140 yards per game), all-purpose yards (165.3), total touchdowns (15) and rushing touchdowns (14) as one of the main cogs in helping the Golden Tigers bounce back from a dismal 2011 showing to win the conference championship. Washington went on to be named SIAC Player of the Year and was a finalist for the Harlon Hill Trophy – Division II’s version of the Heisman.”
Notre Dame, 2010. After this case came to light, following the victim’s suicide, Dave Zirin called for the program to be shut down:
After the alleged attack on August 31, Seeberg wrote an account of what took place, was treated at a local hospital and gave DNA samples to the authorities. There is no evidence that the case was taken seriously, and the accused player, who has been neither charged nor cleared, remained on the team. In the days following her statement to police, Seeberg, according to reports, became fearful that she would be outed as someone hurting the team. She made a point of wearing her Fighting Irish gear around campus and getting fake ND tattoos on her face, all the better to blend in. It all proved to be too much for her, and the 19-year-old, who had dreams of becoming a nurse, took her own life. She was found in her dorm room by rape-crisis coordinators who were alarmed that she’d missed her latest session.
Outcome: Feb 2014: Former Notre Dame football player Prince Shembo spoke publicly for the first time about the sexual assault allegations made against him by Saint Mary’s College student Lizzy Seeberg in 2010. He says he is innocent. Then ND coach Brian Kelly said that he did advise Shembo not to speak about it back in 2010, but that the suggestion was a collaborative one. “I don’t make any decisions independent when it comes to major decisions at this university,” he said during a press conference to discuss the upcoming spring football season. “The head coach works in concert with our administration. We made a decision based upon the information that we had that we felt that it would be in Prince’s best interest, that this was not a matter that needed to be discussed, but that was certainly something that he could have decided to discuss. We didn’t threaten him with that he couldn’t play or we were going to put him on the bench or throw him out of school. It was still his decision. But in talking to his parents and talking to Prince, we felt because of the information we had in front of us that it was a matter that be left alone at the time.”
Montana in 2010 (I wrote about this in an earlier blog post):
In 2010, a woman was reportedly raped by four University of Montana football players. Police said there was not enough evidence to press charges. Early last year, Montana’s coach and athletic director were fired, possibly for helping to minimize and/or cover up this crime. Things are so bad at that particular institution, the Department of Justice and the Department of Education are each handling their own investigation into the alleged sexual assaults by football players.
Outcome: From an April 2014 NYT piece: “The latest blow landed over the winter when federal investigators released a 20-page report [Feb 2014] saying the county prosecutor’s office had disregarded sexual assaults to the point that it was placing “women in Missoula at increased risk of harm.” The accusations were vivid and damning: The Justice Department described accounts of a victim who had been told, “All you want is revenge,” and said a prosecutor had told a mother that “boys will be boys” in the wake of an adolescent’s sexual assault of her 5-year-old daughter.”
A University of Miami football player was released on bond Thursday after he was arrested for allegedly raping a woman on campus, police said.
Outcome: In Dec 2011, he “accepted a plea deal in a case involving his alleged rape of a female University of Miami student in a dorm room. As part of the deal Brown will face no prison time and will not have a felony on his record. He was originally charged with sexual battery of a helpless victim, but the charge has been reduced to false imprisonment as part of the deal. He pleaded no contest to those charges today. Brown had admitted the attack to investigators.”
In September, according to people with knowledge of the situation, a female student went to Yale’s Sexual Assault Harassment and Response and Education Center, claiming [Yale's QB] Witt had assaulted her in her dormitory room. The woman later made a complaint to the University-Wide Committee on Sexual Misconduct, created last July as part of Yale’s new approach.
Outcome: From February 2012: “Much clearer to me is that reporting a claim of sexual assault based on anonymous sourcing, without Mr. Witt’s and the woman’s side of it, was unfair to Mr. Witt. The Times thought it was a necessary part in its exposé of the feel-good sports story. But the impact of the “sexual assault” label on Mr. Witt is substantial and out of proportion for a case that went uninvestigated and unadjudicated.”
Rosemary Richi, a junior, says she was raped by a football player in September 2011, and is one of four women who last week sued the university in federal court, alleging the school violated their rights by failing to properly respond to their accusations. She is also part of a complaint against the school filed last month with the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights.
In the lawsuit, Richi said the assault occurred when she was a freshman, after she had drinks with the player in his room.
When she got up to leave, he pushed her down on his bed and raped her while his roommate slept in another bed, she alleges in the lawsuit. He then admonished her in person and in a text message not to tell anyone, according to her lawsuit.
Richi wrote about the attack in a blog, but did not report it to authorities until the spring of this year, according to her suit. She says she told police and the director of the school’s women’s center, who reported it to the Office of Diversity and Equity.
Air Force Academy in 2011:
In the early days of December 2011, agents of the Office of Special Investigations at the school were told about a party where cadet athletes used spice, a synthetic marijuana, and allegedly engaged in gang rape.
The blowout was held in the woods west of Colorado Springs on Dec. 2, 2011, a week after the football team ended its regular season with a 45-21 thumping of Colorado State.
“The girls’ drink, or Captain Morgan with the blue lid, was only for girls to drink,” OSI confidential informant cadet Eric Thomas told investigators in a written statement obtained by The Gazette. The blue-capped bottle, he explained, was laced with “roofies,” a street term for flunitrazepam, a powerful sedative known as a date-rape drug.
Thomas told investigators that “four or five females did not recall what occurred the following day after the party.”
In one bedroom during the party, “multiple male cadets had sexual intercourse with other unknown females,” Thomas alleged.
Reports show Thomas talked to investigators four days after the party.
Acting on that and other tips, OSI ran a dragnet that probed the activities of 32 cadets, including 16 football players and several other athletes. While the probe started with the party, the investigation was wide ranging and uncovered questionable conduct before and after the event, officials said.
According to Johnson, three of the 32 cadets were court-martialed, sentenced and discharged – two football players and a women’s basketball player. Five more cadets received administrative punishment that resulted in their dismissal – three basketball players and two football players. Another half-dozen cadets resigned. Three more cadets were kicked out for unrelated misconduct.
Of the 16 football players investigated, seven made it through to graduation.
Based on the August 2014 article, “The superintendent of the Air Force Academy is calling for a U.S. Inspector General investigation after reports of sexual assaults, drugs and cheating among cadet athletes.” (article)
Related: From April 2014: “ Academy football players recently participated in a new training initiative intended to help them become better leaders on and off the field and to take a stand against sexual assault.”
McGill University’s campus is being rocked by a sexual assault scandal that involves its football team. After three Redmen players were charged with the sexual assault of a Concordia student in April 2012, they were allowed to remain enrolled in the university and continue to play. Advocacy groups on both campuses are furious at what they view as a lack of action on the part of the university administration, and one group set up an online petition to “fight rape culture at McGill.” A little more than a week ago [in Nov 2013], the university revealed that the three players had quit the football team. The incident allegedly occurred on Sept. 9, 2011. According to reports, the three men met the alleged victim and another woman at a bar and went back to the players’ apartment.
Outcome: As of July 2014, none have yet gone to trial. One was released from or left his job at a summer camp after the management found out about him being charged with sexual assault.
Three football players and another student have been suspended from the university for sex offenses, a fourth player is on probation and the local district attorney is considering criminal charges. She said two football players raped her off-campus one night in spring 2011, and two other players and another student sexually assaulted her. She said she did not report the incidents because she didn’t want to be known around campus “as that girl who came forward and got them in trouble.” In the fall of 2011, she learned that another female student had accused two of the same football players of rape. The first victim said she then told the university and the Watauga County Sheriff’s Department about what happened to her. Watauga District Attorney Jerry Wilson said no charges will be brought in connection with the first case, but he said charges may be brought in the second case. Investigators took DNA samples from two players.
Outcome: From March 2012: “In December and January, the alleged victim of the April 2011 incident brought charges against all five men to the University Conduct Board at ASU. A document from the Dec. 2, 2011, hearing of two of the football players shows the board found them responsible for harassment but not responsible for sex offenses or sexual misconduct. Another football player and student were found responsible for all charges, while a fourth football player was found not responsible for all charges, the alleged victim said. All of the cases were appealed, and the alleged victim said the accused football players who had been found responsible and sanctioned with suspensions from campus were allowed to return to ASU. The March 8 letter confirmed the appeals have been accepted; the alleged victim said the appeals will be heard before the University Conduct Board in late March and early April. The letter stated that the previous suspensions were reinstated, and “another student has been suspended on an interim basis pending the conclusion of the new hearing.”
An Air Force Academy cadet has been convicted by a court martial panel on a sexual assault charge and kicked out of the military.
Air Force Academy cadet Jamil Cooks, who pleaded guilty last week to unlawfully entering women’s dorm rooms at the academy, was convicted by a court martial panel on a charge of abusive sexual contact, the academy announced Sunday morning.
The panel acquitted Cooks on charges of forcible sodomy and aggravated sexual assault. [...]
Cooks was charged in the sexual assault case after a woman came forward in early 2012 and said he had forced her into sex acts in an academy dorm room. The woman said the incident happened in May 2011.
Two football players from Presbyterian College have been charged with rape and kidnapping in an assault at Lander University. Investigators said 19-year-old Bobby Henderson III, of Orlando, Fla., and 19-year-old Cameren Jones of Mauldin were arrested Friday. Authorities say the men knocked on the door of an on-campus apartment at the university on March 21 and forced their way inside, raping three women at gunpoint.
Outcome: Jones pled guilty to criminal sexual conduct, burglary and kidnapping. He was sentenced to 23 years in prison. Henderson also pled guilty and received 18 years in prison on one charge of 1st degree burglary, three charges of kidnapping and three charges of 1st degree criminal sexual conduct.
The victims, who were not ODU students, alleged that they met Ly and Evans at the Virginia Beach Oceanfront, exchanged numbers and Evans picked them up later on that night. They admitted to drinking on the way to ODU, and again when they arrived at Evan’s and Ly’s room. But that’s where the victims reported experiencing symptoms consistent with the use of date rape drugs that left them unable to resist unwanted sexual encounters by Ly, Evans and Wilkins, who entered the room, too.
Wilkins and Evans were football players for ODU at the time.
Outcome: In August 2014, “Evans, Ly and Wilkins entered an Alford guilty plea to misdemeanor sexual battery and had their sentences, from 12 to 24 months, suspended. [...] The men involved will be on unsupervised probation for three years and can have no contact with the victims.”
A Waco jury found former Baylor football player, Tevin Elliott, guilty of sexually assaulting a Baylor student in 2012.
Elliott was suspended indefinitely from the team on August 27, 2012 for violation of team rules. The assault happened on April 15, 2012.
Outcome: According to the Waco Tribune, “Three other women testified that Elliott also sexually assaulted them, and another told the jury that Elliott followed her into her bedroom, locked the door and would not let her leave.” Elliott sought a new trial but was denied a retrial. He “will continue to serve a 20-year prison sentence for two counts of sexual assault.”
A 19-year-old William and Mary student who reported she was raped at a party in 2012 by a former member of the college’s football team testified in Circuit Court Monday, offering an emotional account of her ordeal. The victim testified that before the night of Nov. 10, 2012 she didn’t know Steve Benedict Casper, 23, and alleges that by the early hours of the next morning he assaulted and raped her. Casper was arrested in March, more than four months after the incident, and charged with abduction with intent to defile, rape, attempted forcible sodomy, forcible sodomy, strangulation, three counts of object sexual penetration and misdemeanor sexual battery.
Outcome: From December 2013: “After a little more than three hours of deliberation, a jury of seven women and five men decided Wednesday a 23-year-old former College of William and Mary football player was not guilty of nine charges connected to the alleged rape and strangulation of an 18-year-old athlete.”
The three men are accused of sexually assaulting the midshipman at an April 2012 off-campus party.
University of Texas in 2012:
Two University of Texas players allegedly raped a woman in San Antonio while there for their bowl game.
Outcome: Neither was charged and they returned to the field.
A source tells the Daily World that the reported incident happened in December before students left campus for winter break at a Morehouse residential living facility for the school’s upperclassmen. [...] The alleged victim is an 18-year-old female student at Spelman who says she was held against her will inside a room at the residential community on the night of the alleged incident. According to Morehouse College Police arrest warrants and incident reports, the three allegedly had non-consenting sex with the Spelman student who was under the influence of an unknown substance. [...] The four suspects are three juniors and a senior who have played on the College’s football and basketball teams.
Outcome: last thing I can find is from October 2013, when there were reports that DNA results from a rape kit were inconclusive.
The Philadelphia District Attorney’s Office confirms all charges have been dropped against a former Temple University football player who was accused of rape. Attorneys for 20-year-old Praise Martin-Oguike said the charges were dismissed as jury selection was to begin Monday. The woman told police Martin-Oguike assaulted her in May 2012 in his dorm room. Martin-Oguike said the encounter was consensual.
Outcome: From October 2013: “All charges have been dropped against a former member of Temple’s football team who was accused of rape. Attorneys for 20-year-old Praise Martin-Oguike said the charges were dismissed as jury selection was to begin Monday. [...] Martin-Oguike was suspended from the team after he was charged. He now attends a New Jersey community college.”
From January 2014: “A former football player who was kicked off the team and expelled due to a sexual assault charge is looking to return to the university after he was found not responsible in the incident by a Student Conduct Panel on Jan. 20.”
This article from August 2014 indicate that he was admitted back to the school and will play on the football team for the 2014-2015 season.
Ohio State University police are investigating an allegation of rape involving multiple Buckeye football players. 10TV News obtained the warrant filed Tuesday that spells out the allegations against the multiple players, who 10TV News did not name because they have not been charged.
Outcome: I can’t find anything beyond reports of the initial warrant.
Florida State Seminoles receiver Greg Dent was arraigned on second-degree sexual assault charges Monday, a felony count that likely means an indefinite suspension for the senior-to-be and a potential jail term of up to 15 years. Dent was arrested Sunday night on a single count of sexual assault on a victim over the age of 12.
Outcome: It appears he was supposed to go on trial in early 2014 but hard to find record of anything beyond his arrest and indictment.
The victim was carried to her bedroom by Garcia and a friend. Garcia said that he wanted to talk to the victim, so Garcia was left alone with the victim, police said. The victim said she could see and hear but could not cry, yell or move her body when Garcia allegedly raped her, according to the police report. Witnesses told police the bedroom door was locked and they could hear the victim choking or coughing, the police report said, and Garcia opened the door.
Outcome: From March 2014: Garcia sentenced to 2.5 years in prison for sexual assault and burglary convictions, with credit for 280 days already served.
Vanderbilt in 2013 (I wrote about this in an earlier blog post):
Vanderbilt University has recently dismissed five football players. Four of them have been charged with five counts of aggravated rape and two counts of aggravated sexual battery for allegedly participating in a gang rape of an undergraduate in a dormitory on campus this past June.
Outcome: In September 2013, Chris Boyd “received an 11-month, 29-day suspended sentence for criminal attempt to commit accessory after the fact, a misdemeanor.” Boyd will “compete for a roster spot as an undrafted free agent with the Dallas Cowboys.” As of August 2014, the other four are awaiting trial later in the year.
The woman accusing quarterback Jameis Winston is an FSU student, like him. They had sex on Dec. 7, 2012—the police tested her underwear and found his DNA. Winston, through his lawyer, says she consented and he did nothing wrong. She continues to say the opposite. “To be clear, the victim did not consent,” her family said in a recent statement. “This was a rape.”
Outcome: The state’s attorney decided not to press charges. Winston went on to win the Heisman and take the MVP honors after FSU won the national championship game in early 2014. He is returning as the starting QB for FSU’s 2014 – 2015 season.
Sep. 4, 2014: “FSU reopens Title IX probe into Jameis Winston rape allegations”
UCLA tackle Torian White was arrested early Sunday morning on suspicion of felony sexual assault. UCLA police responded to a call from an apartment complex near the campus about 3 a.m., the school said in a news release. White, a redshirt sophomore from Inglewood, was arrested a short time later and booked into the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department‘s Twin Towers correctional facility. As of late afternoon Tuesday, he was in custody without bail. No charges had been filed.
Outcome: From March 2014: “Torian White, a former offensive lineman on UCLA’s football team, was dismissed from UCLA after the university found him responsible for two instances of sexual misconduct, according to an email sent Friday to Greek life officials by UCLA’s Title IX officer.”
Around midnight, the missing girl texted a friend, saying she was frightened by a student she had met that evening. “Idk what to do,” she wrote. “I’m scared.” When she did not answer a call, the friend began searching for her.
In the early-morning hours on the campus of Hobart and William Smith Colleges in central New York, the friend said, he found her — bent over a pool table as a football player appeared to be sexually assaulting her from behind in a darkened dance hall with six or seven people watching and laughing. Some had their cellphones out, apparently taking pictures, he said.
Outcome: ”It took the college just 12 days to investigate the rape report, hold a hearing and clear the football players. The football team went on to finish undefeated in its conference, while the woman was left, she said, to face the consequences — threats and harassment for accusing members of the most popular sports team on campus.” In July 2014, the NYT released a devastating report about the incident and the failure of the university to properly handle the case.
A Mukwonago high school athlete recruited by Wisconsin to play football for the Badgers has been charged with felony sexual assault. According to documents obtained by WISN 12 News, the assault took place on the weekend of a recruiting visit to UW. Dominic Cizauskas, 18, is charged with third-degree sexual assault. The criminal complaint alleges that Cizauskas assaulted an acquaintance in her dorm room on December 14 during a recruiting visit.
Outcome: From June 2014: “A Dane County jury found a former University of Wisconsin football recruit guilty Wednesday night of raping a woman in her dorm room in December while he was on a recruiting visit to the campus. Dominic D. Cizauskas, 18, a linebacker from Mukwonago, was convicted of third-degree sexual assault.” He awaits sentencing.
From July 2014: “Badgers football: Recruit visitation to get a ‘tweak’”
Related: “A former University of Wisconsin football recruit accused of sexually assaulting a student on campus was allowed to participate in his high school’s state basketball championship at the Kohl Center by Chancellor Rebecca Blank and UW-Madison Police Chief Susan Riseling.”
August 2014: “A former University of Wisconsin football recruit has been sentenced to a year in jail.”
Brown in 2013:
Two Brown football players are at the center of a rape investigation in Rhode Island.
According to a police report, a Providence College student told police in February that she believes she was drugged at a bar in November. She says she woke up in a Brown dorm room and was sexually assaulted.
The attorney general’s office says it is reviewing the case. The school says it is cooperating with law enforcement.
Court documents from last month say the students were asked to leave campus in April. The school told the AP on Friday they remain enrolled.
As of July 2014, the two players were no longer on Brown’s football roster.
August 2014: “Prosecutors in Rhode Island say there will be no charges against two Brown University football players who had been accused of sexual assault.”
Sep. 5, 2014: “2 Brown University football players back on campus after sexual assault investigation”
Bobby Hill, cornerback on the Ole Miss football team, was arrested Tuesday afternoon by the Oxford Police Department. Hill is charged with sexually assaulting a female. Hill is indefinitely suspended from the football team by head coach Hugh Freeze.
Eastern Washington University football player Christian Fanning was released on his own recognizance after a first appearance Wednesday in Spokane County Superior Court on a charge of second-degree sexual assault. Fanning, a freshman place-kicker from San Diego, was arrested early Wednesday morning by campus police on charges stemming from an incident Tuesday at Dressler Hall dormitory on the EWU campus. Fanning, 19, has been suspended as a student and has been banned from setting foot on campus.
University of New Mexico police say Crusoe Gongbay and two other men are accused of raping the student in a car. KRQE News 13 has learned it allegedly happened when the three men left a house party. Gongbay is the Lobos star running back and entering his senior season.
Then: “New Mexico cornerback SaQwan Edwards is being held without bond after surrendering to authorities in a rape case that previously led to the arrest of teammate Crusoe Gongbay.”
Both were suspended indefinitely from the team.
Outcome: From June 28, 2014: “The District Attorney’s late Thursday dropped all charges against Lobo football player SaQwan Edwards, the third man accused of raping a UNM student in early April. Charges against the other two suspects, Lobo player Crusoe Gongbay and CNM student Ryan Ruff, were dropped earlier this week.”
Police arrested University of Kansas wide receiver Mark A. Thomas over the weekend in connection with a sexual assault, the latest arrest in a string of sexual and domestic assault cases involving both college and professional football players in recent weeks. According to the victim, Thomas “forcibly fondled her” while she was passed out.
Kansas suspended Thomas indefinitely.
My hallmate said that within just one week, a current Vanderbilt football player and a former Vanderbilt football recruit had raped her. When she escaped from her aggressors and came back to her room after the second incident, her roommate and friends walked into the room to find her scratched up, shivering and crying on the tile floor.
An official affiliated with Vanderbilt called the police almost immediately after both incidents, and an ambulance arrived shortly after to take her to the hospital. After the second time she was allegedly sexually assaulted, my hallmate was questioned by police, which she said traumatized her with fear. She said that she felt like her 10 hours in the hospital were a blur, but she told the police everything — from her alleged attackers’ names to how she was grabbed, how she escaped the situations and how she almost ended up freezing outside.
She said the police stopped questioning her once they realized she was having difficulty breathing. The officer then told her that he would close the case for now, but he gave her his card in case she wanted to reopen it.
The Miami Hurricanes have permanently dismissed its linebackers, Alex Figueroa and JaWand Blue, while the University and local law enforcement investigate the pair’s sexual assault of an underaged female student.
The attack happened in the early hours of Saturday, July 5, in a dorm room on Ponce De Leon Boulevard. The female student reported the rape to the university police and the linebackers were arrested on Tuesday morning.
Figueroa and Blue confessed, when arrested, to buying several alcoholic drinks for the young woman, and then taking her back to a dorm room. The reports claim that Figueroa and Blue admitted to raping their physically helpless victim.
The linebackers, both 20, were charged with sexual battery on Tuesday.
The alleged assault at Tulsa occurred on Jan. 27, and the woman who filed the lawsuit reported it on Feb. 11. Swilling was suspended from the team the next day. After a university investigation and a hearing in March, Swilling was found not responsible.
Tulsa police also investigated. District attorney Tim Harris declined to file criminal charges in April, and Swilling was reinstated to the team following the season.
According to the lawsuit, “Within two weeks of opening an investigation, Tulsa PD located and spoke with three additional women who alleged similar sexual misconduct and rape by Swilling, all dating from before Plaintiff ever met Swilling.” [...]
Swilling had also been accused of sexual assault by a female student at the College of Southern Idaho in 2011. A police report was filed, but that woman declined to pursue the case. The school told USA TODAY Sports it never investigated, as it is required to under Title IX, and the woman never returned.
Outcome: “Swilling was attempting to walk on to the football team after exhausting his basketball eligibility. He announced on Twitter this week that the NCAA had denied his progress-toward-degree waiver.”
A Bowling Green State University football player who is accused of attempted rape was indicted in Wood County Common Pleas Court.
William Houston, 19, of Dublin, Ohio, was indicted Wednesday. He remains free on bond.
Mr. Houston was accused of attempted rape on July 20. Bowling Green police were called to a home in the 200 block of Manville Avenue where the victim told police she’d fallen asleep and awoke when a man “tried to force himself on her.”
Outcome: From August 2014, “Houston has been indicted for one count of attempted rape by a Wood County grand jury. Jason Knavel, BGSU’s assistant Athletic Director said Houston is not currelty taking part in any team activites. A further hearing has not been set.”
Recent Tulane football signee Niguel “Teddy” Veal has been arrested and suspended from the team. The 17-year-old early entry freshman was booked at 9 a.m. Tuesday on one count of simple rape.
According to New Orleans police, the alleged victim began drinking with Veal and another man before she went back to the men’s dorm room with the pair to watch a movie earlier this month. Police say the alleged victim stated she had consensual sex with one of the men at the dorm and then went to sleep. She told police that when she woke up, Veal was sexually assaulting her.
Outcome: From August 2014: According to the New Orleans Times-Picayune, a simple rape charge against Veal has been dropped. As a result, Veal has been reinstated to the Green Wave football team. There was no word on what prompted the charges to be dropped.
After a reported sexual assault, UTPD officers are investigating the incident that occurred Saturday at the San Jacinto Residence Hall. UTPD said the three individuals involved knew each other and the two suspects have continued to cooperate with the officers. The Austin American-Statesman reported that two UT football players were being questioned by UTPD.
Then: Two University of Texas football players were arrested and charged Thursday with felony sexual assault after a female student said she was raped in a campus dorm room last month. Wide receivers Kendall Sanders and Montrel Meander were in custody at the university police station. According to an arrest affidavit, Sanders and Meander texted each other during earlier interviews with police to “get their story straight,” and Sanders also faces a charge of improper photography tied to the alleged assault on June 21.
Outcome: First, they were indefinitely suspended. Then Charlie Strong announced that he had dismissed them from the team all together.
Oklahoma starting linebacker Frank Shannon has been accused of sexually assaulting a female student at his off-campus apartment Jan. 20, according to a Title IX sexual misconduct allegation report obtained by The Oklahoman.
According to the report, the woman alleges that after a party, she intended to walk home. Shannon offered her a ride, but said he first needed to drop off friends near his apartment. Shannon allegedly took the woman into his bedroom. According to the complaint, he came up behind her, pulled down her pants and attempted to have sex with her. The complainant said Shannon became frustrated when she wouldn’t cooperate.
Outcome: From April 2014: “Prosecutors weeks ago declined to file sexual assault charges against Oklahoma starting linebacker Frank Shannon, Cleveland County District Attorney Greg Mashburn said Thursday. The district attorney said Shannon was not charged based on the woman’s wishes at the time and based on the facts that were presented. He explained the woman said she did not want Shannon prosecuted. He also said it was unclear from the accounts of both the woman and the player “what had actually taken place.”"
From August 2014: “After an internal investigation stemming from sexual assault allegations, Oklahoma Sooners linebacker Frank Shannon has been suspended by the school for one year.” Shannon appealed and a district court sided with him so now, “the university is asking the court to prohibit a Cleveland County district judge from enforcing an order allowing Shannon to remain enrolled as a student and participate in OU football activities.” And in the meantime, Shannon continues to practice with the team.